AFO #79 - 油轮: 谁是老大? 2014.09.16

2014-09-18 09:16  浏览次数 55

油轮: 谁是老大?     


根据伦敦克拉臣的报导世界前五名油轮国在2014年年初因拥有世上百分五十之船队在过去的拾年内称霸油轮业界. 其中希腊拥有1.165亿 dwt (环球之25%) 名列第一, 日本 4,130dwt第二, 中国 3,470dwt第三, 但在过去的9年之中排名有所变动, 希腊购买二手船和新造增加 2,670 dwt VLCC吨位, 隐坐宝座, 日本减少 510dwt, 中国增加 1,550dwt而超越日本成为第二………

Who Tops The Tanker League Table?

in International Shipping News 04/09/2014

The top five owner countries in the crude and products tanker sectors have dominated tanker shipping throughout the last decade, accounting for 50% of the fleet at the start of 2014. However, within this select group there has been a number of interesting trends.

A Greek Empire of the Seas海上之希腊王国

Perhaps unsurprisingly, given the historical pre-eminence of Greek owners, the Greek owned tanker fleet is largest of all owner nationalities. As the Graph of the

Month shows, the fleet owned by

 Greek companies totalled 116.5m dwt at the start of 2014, having grown at a CAGR of 6.7% since 2005, and representing nearly 25% of the global fleet, up from 21% in 2005. This growth has come both from newbuilding activity and forays into the secondhand market. Around 50% of the growth in Greek-owned tonnage since 2005 can be attributed to VLCC acquisition, with Greek owners purchasing a net 10.6m dwt of VLCCs and taking delivery of 16.1m dwt of VLCCs over the last nine years.

Buoyant Chinese Fleet有浮力之中国船队

Much the same as their Greek counterparts, Chinese shipowners have expanded their tanker fleet rapidly between 2005 and 2014, at a CAGR of 13.2% to reach 34.7m dwt at the start of 2014, cementing China’s place as the third largest tanker owning country, ahead of Norway, which was relegated to fourth place in 2011. This growth is partly a result of China’s stated aim to secure an increasing share of the transportation of the growing volumes of crude imports.

Chinese owners have tended to take advantage of relatively competitive prices at domestic yards and have taken delivery of 15.5m dwt of VLCCs since 2005, accounting for 66% of growth in the Chinese-owned tanker fleet.

Japanese Malaise日本之萎靡不振

Across the water, the Japanese owned tanker fleet has long been the second largest, standing at 41.3m dwt at the start of 2014. However, it has declined by 5.1m dwt compared to start 2011, largely as a result of Japanese owners selling tonnage, with an average of 1.7m dwt net sales per annum in 2012 and 2013, whilst scrapping averaged 0.6m dwt during the same period. A large proportion of the tonnage sold by the Japanese has been bought by Greek owners.

A New Order? 一份新的订单和排名

When it comes to the orderbook, Greek and Chinese owners grab the headlines with their large orderbooks at 10% and 26% of their fleets respectively. By adding the orderbook to today’s fleet it would appear that the Chinese owned fleet will usurp the Japanese in the future. Norwegian owners may also be knocked out of the top five, with Singaporean owners taking fifth spot, as the Singaporean orderbook now stands at 9.7m dwt (49% of the fleet).

So, it looks likely that the top five owner countries may be in for something of a reshuffle. Chinese owners seem set to take second place, whilst Singaporean owners may sneak in to the top five. However, Greek owners, with their vast array of tanker tonnage, look safe at the top of the tanker league table.


Source: Clarksons




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